Sunday, March 15, 2020
Don Quixote and Chivalric Ideals Free Online Research Papers During the era of Miguel de Cervantes, the ideals of chivalry and knighthood were the prominent themes in literature. Romantic tales of valiant knights and love captured the imaginations of medieval readers, and this influence proved still to be strong during the Renaissance. In the fifteenth century, these medieval values clashed with the new emphasis on reason. The influence of both sets of values can be seen in the Miguel de Cervantess novel, Don Quixote. In this work, Cervantes illustrates the idealistic character of Don Quixote, who is possesed by chivalric ideas of heroism and valor. Don Quixote sets out to reform the world along with his sensible companion Sancho Panca. After an ill-starred career as a knight-errant, Don Quixote renounces his ideals and is restored to excessive sensibility. At the same time, Sancho Panca champions the very ideas that Don Quixote comes to reject. Through his use of names and through the naive ideals of Don Quixote and his subsequent exchange of beliefs with Sancho Panca, Cervantes reveals the need for a proper balance between the extremes of idealism and rationalism. The subject of names is a prevalent one in Cervantess work. Cervantes begins the work with the peculiar declaration, In a certain village in La Mancha, the name of which I do not choose to remember, Don Quixote makes his residence. The anonymity of the village parallels Cervantess ambiguity when discussing Don Quixotes real name. He explains that he is said to have gone by the name of Quijada, or Quesada, although it is most likely that he was called Quijada. Cervantess deliberate manner of forgetting and his vagueness in relating Don Quixotes real name contrasts sharply with Don Quixotes own naming of things. In taking on his new role as knight-errant, he assumes the name Don Quixote de la Mancha, which, according to him reveals his lineage and honors his fortunate country.Ã¢â¬ In fact, Quixote signifies the armor that a knight wears to protect his thigh. In choosing this inglorious name, the title character shows his distorted sense of what is admirable. Don Quixote also selects the satisfactory name, Rosinante, for his horse, connoting a hack or nag. Furthermore, when he selects a healthy, buxom, country wench to fall in love with, he gives her the name Dulcinea del Toboso, which he regards as romantic, musical, and expressive, like the names he had chosen for himself and his horse. With such bizarre names that do not suit their subjects, Don Quixotes skewed perspective on life is shown. While Cervantes goes to one extreme and decides to forget the name of a town, Don Quixote intentionally picks out ridiculous names for himself, his horse, and his lady. With the absurdity of these extremes, Cervantes asserts the necessity of finding the middle ground. With the name of Quixote, the title character is presented as a comical, ludicrous figure. Cervantes refers to him often as the poor gentleman who has lost his senses and who has the brain of a madman. During his time as a knight-errant, Don Quixote travels far and wide seeking adventures and righting wrongs. In his mission to save the world, Don Quixote is inspired by the books he read of knights, chivalry, and honor. Everything he does is modeled on these romantic stories, into which Don Quixote immerses himself completely. He explains to Sancho Panca that knights-errant are not permitted to complain of any wound they receive. But he permits his squire to complain, as he had not read anything to the contrary in his books of knight-errantry. Another instance of Don Quixotes reliance on the model of his books occurs when stays awake thinking of his Lady Dulcinea because he read about those knights-errant who passed many sleepless nights in woods and deserts remembering their ladies. Thus, Don Quixote shapes his whole life around the fictional accounts of imaginary figures and looses control of his own life. During his adventurous journey, his Ã¢â¬Å"squire,Ã¢â¬ Sancho Panca, accompanies this would-be knight. This devoted servant is much more temporal than his master, and Sancho revels in such pleasures as plentiful food and a luxurious slumber. Sancho Panca shows his practicality when he warns Don Quixote of the foolishness of some of his missions. When Don Quixote plans to attack the perceived giants in fierce and unequal combat, Sancho implores him to see correctly that the giants are merely windmills. In addition to bestowing rational advice on his master, Sancho puts his trust in God, saying at various points, Gods will be done, and Lord have mercy upon us. While Don Quixote puts his faith in his tales of chivalry, Sancho relies on God for mercy and guidance, and with his rational behavior represents a great contrast to the senselessness of his master. The traits of master and servant are reversed, however, when Don Quixote is defeated in battle and returns home to renounce all his previously held beliefs. Suffering a severe sickness, Don Quixote is eventually restored to consciousness, and he at once declares that God is merciful and that he is now cleared of those dark shadows of ignorance that clouded his understanding from incessant reading of those detestable books of chivalry. This startling reversal in thought causes his friends to think that his sudden and easy transition from madness to sanity is a certain signal of his approaching death. Cervantes thus equates sanity with death: at a time when most people begin to lose their minds, Don Quixote is at his most rational. Another drastic transformation occurs in Sancho Panca. Upon seeing his master renounce his beliefs, Sancho entreats him to once again espouse chivalric ideals. Sancho encourages him to Get up and go walking in the fields with the hope that behind some bush t hey may find Lady Dulcinea. It is now Sancho who defends the absurd ideas that once deluded Don Quixote. It is unusually easy for both characters to exchange beliefs. Cervantes is therefore expressing the impossibility of remaining faithful to extreme beliefs such as those Don Quixote and Sancho Panca hold at different points in their lives. The logical conclusion, thus, is to find a middle road to which one can hold firm. The balance between idealism and reality is often difficult to find. The struggle to reach a middle ground is illustrated in Miguel de Cervantess novel, Don Quixote. Through the characters of Don Quixote and Sancho Panca, Cervantes illustrates the challenges individuals face to balance their lives with a mix of idealistic and rational thought. Cervantes establishes this struggle through the issue of names. In Cervantess forgetting the name of the village and in Don Quixotes deliberately giving absurd names to things, the folly of adopting extreme notions is shown. Cervantes follows with examples of excessive idealism and rationalism. In connecting sanity with death, Cervantes seems to dismiss rational thought as pointless. But his portrayal of Don Quixotes foolishness in his knightly adventures also illustrates a kind of futility. And in the two characters reversals at the end, Cervantes reveals that it is worthless to only adopt a single way of thinking. The two ends of idealism and pragmatism, however, must both exist in a persons life. If not for Sanchos rationalism, Don Quixotes journey would have been quite difficult. Likewise, without Don Quixotes fantasies, Sanchos life would have lacked entertainment. Such a story as Don Quixotes would not exist if not for the imagination; at the same time, it would be ridiculous to accept this story as truth and not consider it from a realistic point of view. Through this charming, yet sobering, tale, Cervantes illustrates that a proper balance between idealism and practicality must be achieved, and that without both principles, life is fruitless. Research Papers on Don Quixote and Chivalric IdealsHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionWhere Wild and West MeetAnalysis Of A Cosmetics AdvertisementResearch Process Part One19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyMind TravelTrailblazing by Eric AndersonThe Masque of the Red Death Room meanings
Friday, February 28, 2020
Discussion Questions - Essay Example 2006 posited that the key to leadership is Ã¢â¬Ëthe discipline to prioritize and the ability to work toward a stated goalÃ¢â¬â¢ (p.30). Hitler was certainly able to work toward his set goal. A scenario in which this style would be best suited would be the one in which members of a community are experiencing prejudicial treatment because of the color of their skin or their ethnic background. There may be a situation where individuals from a particular community are constantly being the subject to racial attacks via the media and through face-to-face interactions. One individual can arise from the group who has the qualities of a charismatic leader. This individual can influence based on his/her charm, the majority of the community members to take a specific stand against the injustice. The charismatic leader suits this scenario because in the case of discrimination, it takes someone who would be respected and revered by all to make a difference. Not only must this individual be respected by the community in which he /she belongs but also by the community that is meting out the injustices. Change is inevitable and although people are naturally resistant to change the author of this paper believes that the following strategies as cited by Kotelnikov 2008 would be effective in dealing with dissent and resistance: An employee who refuses to change after being invited to participate in the change process and after all the above strategies have been attempted would have to be directed to another organization. This individual would only hinder rather than help the new initiatives of the organization to go forward. The length of time such an individual would remain in the organization would therefore depend on the length of time it takes to complete each of the strategies decided as best by the organization to deal with resistance to change. Musser, S.J. (1987). The determination of positive and negative charismatic leadership, Retrieved February 20, 2008 from
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
What is the current status of clinical gene therapy trials for Chronic Granulomatous Disorder - Essay Example ests that the disease is present in Ã¢â¬Ëone in 250,000Ã¢â¬â¢ infants at birth, but the symptoms become evident only when the child reaches a few months of age (Assari 2006: 6). Only 21% of patients have survived the disease beyond the age of 7 previously, whereas the recent trends show improvement in the survival rates because of the Ã¢â¬Ëadvancement in treatmentsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Assari 2006: 6). On the other hand, the disease can rarely occur in adults, and therefore, if someone has the problem of Ã¢â¬Ërecurrent infectionsÃ¢â¬â¢, it will be advisable to subject such individuals to an evaluation, irrespective of the age factor (Chung, Cyr & Ellis 2013: 2). Gene therapy, which is the intervention in a disease or disorder through introducing genes into the affected cells to set right the impacts of Ã¢â¬Ëspecific gene mutationsÃ¢â¬â¢, is one of the methods used in the treatment of CGD (Dugal & Chaudhary 2012: 4). However, evidence suggests that in order for the treatment to be effective, the appropriate gene will have to be incorporated into the target cell Ã¢â¬Ëspecifically, efficiently and stablyÃ¢â¬â¢ (Dugal & Chaudhary 2012: 4). On the other hand, it is also necessary to use the most appropriate vector for the introduction of the gene or gene delivery into the human cell. Research studies have identified lentiviral vectors (LVs) to be one of the effective and the Ã¢â¬Ëmost widely usedÃ¢â¬â¢ vectors in gene therapy (Dugal & Chaudhary 2012: 4). A study conducted by Assari (2006: 6) on mice found that gene therapy, using recombinant retroviral vectors, is an effective treatment for the reconstruction of normal neutrophils an d in building Ã¢â¬Ëresistance to pathogensÃ¢â¬â¢ such as Aspergillus. The author also contends that gene therapy, using retroviral vectors in two humans, has produced Ã¢â¬Ëencouraging resultsÃ¢â¬â¢ where both of them have attained remarkable levels of gene corrected cells and their clinical conditions show good improvement (Assari 2006: 6). Studies further substantiate the fact that gene
Friday, January 31, 2020
Did the case of Horsham kill the case of Boland - Essay Example The essay "Did the case of Horsham kill the case of Boland?" analyzes two cases about proprietary deviation and the connection between them. The case of Boland is concerned with the violation of wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s unregistered right of possession of her matrimonial home in which her spouse had an equal share but had his name alone shown as the registered proprietor of the property in the land register. The husband had mortgaged the property to Williams & GlynsÃ¢â¬â¢s Bank without his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge even though they were living together in the same house. The mortgagee bank also did not care to verify with his wife if she had any interest before lending her husband against the mortgage of the said property. The question was whether the wife had an overriding interest by virtue of section 70 (1) (g) Registration Act 1925.since the appellant had sought to distinguish the Ã¢â¬Å"word actual occupationÃ¢â¬ as mentioned in the said section from her real status. The House of Lords ruled that actual occupation had only its literal meaning of physical presence and as long as she was physically present in the matrimonial home with all the rights of an occupied. Hence the wife had an overriding interest even though it could be argued that hers was the equitable interest as a minor interest entitled her interest only in the proceeds of a sale. The mortgagee bank failed to verify the factual position at their peril. Thus an equitable mortgagee does not get priority over an equitable interest of which he is deemed to have constructive notice.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Allegorical Meaning of Young Goodman Brown In the short story "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorn, the author uses many of his characters to symbolize the deeper meaning of the narrative.Ã The allegorical meaning of Hawthorns tale is that of belief.Ã If one believes that he or she is inherently evil than whether or not they do evil is inconsequential since the belief will ultimately lead to misery.Ã Young Goodman Brown is going on a voyage or trip yet later in the story it becomes unclear as to whether this was reality, just a dream, or a figment of his imagination.Ã Hawthorn was a romanticist and this narrative provoked both strong feeling and emotions.Ã Although, I believe it is the reader who starts to have strong feelings about the main character and it is the emotions of Young Goodman Brown that ultimately bring him to his downfall.Ã It is his anxieties and paranoia that take over and control his emotions.Ã It is clearly emotions that triumphant Hawthorn's "Young Goodman Brown" The story opens with Young Goodman Brown bidding his wife farewell.Ã Goodman claims this is a journey that he must attend to.Ã Interestingly, his wife Faith is portrayed as pure and good.Ã She is a loving wife concerned about her husband and his mission.Ã It is her pink ribbons that represent her young innocence.Ã From the beginning Goodman refers to his journey as having an "evil purpose".Ã As Young Goodman Brown enters the woods and meets up with companion he explains that "Faith kept me back a while".Ã So was it literally that Faith his wife caused his delay or more figuratively that it was his faith in goodness that was really holding him back.Ã Hobbling along in the woods Young Goodman Brown sees his catechism teacher.Ã This is yet another obstacle that has underlying meaning.Ã She represents the teachings of Christianity and all that is good in the world.Ã Yet this did not stop our character from continuing on his evil voyage.Ã In the latter part of the story, where Young Goodman Brown is at the circle of the devil with all the other sinners he calls out for Faith.Ã He then states, "My Faith is gone!...There is no good on earth; and sin is but a name.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
How is your personal interpretation of Cloudstreet governed by its treatment of enduring values? Cloudstreet, a sprawling saga composed by Tim Winton, explores the enduring values of reconciliation, hope and the inevitable unity of family that forms the basis for our existence. Through the overarching techniques of context and the use of the Australian vernacular, Winton presents his nostalgia for the traditional Australian life, as well as encouraging the responder to consider universal issues which lie at the core of human experience, such as the need to treat others equally. By passing the Pickles and the Lambs through a series of trials and tribulations, in accordance with the strength of sagaic novels, Winton examines important ideas and philosophies about humankind. Through the examination of pivotal moments within the text, such as FishÃ¢â¬â¢s near drowning in the river, the responder is able to gain their interpretation of the book and its treatment of the universal values of reconciliation, hope and family unity. CloudstreetÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment of the theme of reconciliation highlights the need for people to find reconciliation within their existences, hence showing individual reconciliation with the forces of existence to be a central thematic concern. In Cloudstreet, this idea is expressed through SamÃ¢â¬â¢s meeting with the blackfella after he returns from voting. While Sam implements classic Australian colloquialisms in his complaints about Ã¢â¬Å"some rich bastardÃ¢â¬ , he simultaneously plots to Ã¢â¬Å"sell the house for some real moneyÃ¢â¬ . This use of irony highlights SamÃ¢â¬â¢s (symbolising the typical white man) ignorance of the fortune which he holds and which he considers to be mainstream. As a result, Sam is portrayed as a representative of white ignorance, and while he seems to be an average Australian, Winton portrays him to be a symptom of what is wrong with Australia as, while Sam is able to sense the Ã¢â¬Å"otherworldlinessÃ¢â¬ of the blackfella, he perseveres with his callous plans to exploit home and to be disconnected from his spiritual existence. This idea is further exemplified through SamÃ¢â¬â¢s gesture of offering a cigarette to the blackfella. The symbolism in this image presents Sam as the epitome of all that the class that he represents is able to provide. Reconciliation provides the basis for the emergent and disturbing spirituality of the house. The origins of the horror and ominous spirituality that exudes from the house lies in the misguided and ignorant need to socialise Aboriginals, evidenced in the horrendous treatment of the Aboriginal girls in the house that emerges from this ignorant misunderstanding. Hence, through the metaphor of Sam, Winton comments upon contemporary social and political problems and particularly the culture of denial within Australian culture at the time. This idea of the need for reconciliation is also expressed through the idea of family. The importance of family is another consistent theme throughout the novel. In Debts, Winton explores the instinctive force that drives members of a family to protect one another, despite all previous conflict. This is evidenced through Lester and QuickÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings of responsibility for Fish, which, particularly in the case of Quick, is driven by the guilt of FishÃ¢â¬â¢s near drowning. As Lester says, Ã¢â¬Å" We owe him thingsÃ¢â¬ ¦donÃ¢â¬â¢t forget FishÃ¢â¬ ¦donÃ¢â¬â¢t pretend to Fish. Ã¢â¬ The desperate, beseeching tone represents his instinctive desire to help Fish, in order to find reconciliation within himself. This idea is further expressed in Ã¢â¬Å"Ghostly sensationsÃ¢â¬ , where Rose supports Sam during his desperate attempt at suicide. Despite RoseÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings towards her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s burden on the family, which Sam himself recongises, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m a weak stupid bastard. Ã¢â¬ Rose assumes responsibility and protects her father. This is expressed through the motherly image of Ã¢â¬Å"She grabbed his head and pulled it to her breast. Ã¢â¬ The characters demonstrate the almost primeval urge that drives family members to protect one another, effectively communicated through WintonÃ¢â¬â¢s use of language. Thus, Winton shows his nostalgia for earlier times, when these values were at the core of Australian society. The theme of hope in Cloudstreet is expressed primarily through the PicklesÃ¢â¬â¢ stringent belief in the presence of the Ã¢â¬Å"shifty shadowÃ¢â¬ . The motif of the shifty shadow runs throughout the novel, presenting itself as a satirisation of the ideas of conventional religion and its affiliated dogma, and establishes a means by which characters such as Sam and Rose justify the unfathomable forces which govern their lives. The imagery of the Ã¢â¬Å"spinning knifeÃ¢â¬ , which is used to decide whether the Lambs will start a shop or who is washing up, presents the idea that, for these characters, religion is more significant as a social context than as any element of a resolution of faith. The dislocation that the Pickles and the Lambs feel from the idea of God echoes WintonÃ¢â¬â¢s view that the contemporary working class could not relate to Christian ideals because of their own lack of fortune. SamÃ¢â¬â¢s own nterpretation of the shifty shadow reflects pagan views of the world, in that he maintains a respect for rituals that is fundamental to all societies. Ã¢â¬Å"You stay right there till the shadowÃ¢â¬â¢s fallen across whoeverÃ¢â¬â¢s lucky or unlucky enough, and then when itÃ¢â¬â¢s all over, you go out and get on with your business. Ã¢â¬ The colloquial tone of this sentence emphasises to the responder that, despite his working class background, there are ritualistic ideas bred into him and which he will not contravene. As such, CloudstreetÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment of the theme of the shifty shadow examines spirituality as well as the unknowable. CloudstreetÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment of the values of individual reconciliation, the importance of family and hope reflects its contextual situation, that of late 20th century Australia. Moreover, it reflects WintonÃ¢â¬â¢s desperate longing for an era of post war Australia. Through a close examination of the text, the responder gains insight into the central and enduring values of WintonÃ¢â¬â¢s society.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
A Forward Contract is a way for a buyer or a seller to lock in a purchasing or selling price for an asset, with the transaction set to occur in the future. In essence, it is a financial contract obligating the buyer to buy, and the seller to sell a given asset at a predetermined price and date in the future. Forwards are contracts that are traded in a forward market. The forward market is the place where the buying and selling of a particular currency are done at a fixed future date for a predetermined date i. e. the forward rate of exchange. Forward contracts are basically a way of mitigating and hedging risk like other derivative instruments. The forward cover is the most frequently employed hedging technique. The only issue with forwarding contracts is that they are usually not available for unpopular currencies. Forward contracts are Over the Counter contracts; hence they can be matched exactly to the future sums involved. There is no transfer of cash or any asset until the time of maturity or expiry of that particular contract. We will write a custom essay sample on Methods of Capital Allowance or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page